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At the age of 25, "Baby Face" Nelson, in the company of John Chase and Nelson's wife, Helen, ended up in a gun battle at Barrington, Il. with FBI Agents.  Herman Hollis carried a shotgun and service revolver; Inspector Cowley carried a Thompson .45 caliber with a drum magazine holding 50 rounds, in addition to his service revolver. 

When Nelson's body was found later in a ditch, he was dead and so were Cowley and Hollis.  The autopsy report in the Dillinger file reveals Nelson actually died from (1) .45 round entering his side and clipping major arteries/organs. Obviously the .45 round came from Cowley's Thompson.   Hollis died of a head wound to the rear; Cowley died of stomach wounds.  Although there were bullet proof vests at the Chicago FBI Office, neither Hollis nor Cowley put one on before they left the office to join in the chase. 

But how many rounds actually hit Nelson?  If you guessed "17" you're right.  A phone conversation with FBI Headquarters at the time recorded this info.